When done right, landscape lighting has the power to transform your outdoor space into a place of beauty. But that’s easier said than done. In order to achieve a superior lighting scheme, expertise, lighting knowledge, and an eye for design is a must. Here, we go through the basics of landscape lighting design, give an overview of the various types of lighting used, and explain their functions.
But first of all, let’s explore what landscape lighting design is and why it brings so much value to an outdoor space.
Landscape lighting, or garden lighting refers to the use of outdoor illumination for gardens, public landscapes, and private lands. There are two core objectives that landscape lighting focuses on. The first being aesthetics, and the second being safety/security.
What makes an outdoor space so unique, is the use of light during darkness. By highlight features, creating shadows and contrast, light helps to build an intriguing and dramatic space that will inspire you to stay.
Enhancing the aesthetics of an outdoor space is great, but certain places require lighting design to improve safety and security. For example, recreational grounds, listed buildings, and valuable homes will need landscape lighting to help keep them safe. This doesn’t mean the aesthetics can’t be looked at too, but there are times where safety comes above all. In fact, this study shows that outdoor lighting has the power to cut crime by a staggering 39 percent.
The first step to lighting your garden is to know what you want to highlight. There are several ways to illuminate your garden, including:
In order to achieve an effective landscape lighting scheme, you need to be aware of the types of lights available, the effects they can create, and where they’re typically used.
This all depends on the size of the path and the effect you want to create. As a general rule, path lights should be spaced six to eight feet apart to keep your pathway well-lit during darkness. For a vivid lighting effect, opt for small gaps between each path light.
The level of lumens required to effectively light your outdoor space varies from fixture to fixture. Although lighting design shouldn’t follow rigid templates, there are general guides to help create an excellent landscape lighting scheme. Below is how many lumens we recommend per lighting fixture:
The level of wattage used to light a specific outdoor area really depends on the size of the area and what you’re lighting. If you’re looking to flood a large lawn with light, high wattages can be used from 80 watts and upwards. When lighting a small/ medium sized garden in gentle to moderate light, lighting fixtures between 40 and 80 watts are recommended. However, using fixtures below 40 Watts can help reduce your energy consumption and minimise light pollution. This can’t be achieved for all landscape lighting, but pathways can be efficiently lit using a series of 20-watt bulbs.
Landscape lighting design provides a warm ambiance to a home, enhances structural details, and provides an extra level of security. Even a beautifully lit driveway and walkway can draw the attention of potential buyers. Numerous studies have been conducted around the aspects that add value to a home and landscape lighting is certainly one of them. The National Association of Home Builders conducted a survey that showed 90 percent of home buyers found outdoor lighting one of the most desirable exterior features of a house. The bottom line is, a well-maintained garden with professional landscape lighting will increase the value of your property.
At Hampshire Light, we specialise in landscape lighting design. With over 20 years of experience creating decorative, functional and security driven lighting, we tailor your lighting scheme to fit the requirements of your outdoor space. If you’re looking for a passionate, experienced lighting design consultancy, contact us today and book your complimentary design consultation.
LEDs are now used everywhere in lighting design. With improved brightness, smaller size, and wide-ranging colour options, LEDs offer lighting designers like us the ability to illuminate your space in many great ways.